Back pain is pain felt in the back that usually originates from the muscles, nerves, bones, joints or other structures in the spine.
Back pain may have a sudden onset or can be a chronic pain; it can be constant or intermittent, stay in one place or radiate to other areas. It may be a dull ache, or a sharp, piercing or burning sensation.
The pain may radiate into the arms and hands as well as the legs or feet, and may include symptoms other than pain, such as weakness, numbness or tingling.
Neck pain (or cervicalgia) is a common problem, with two-thirds of the population having neck pain at some point in their lives.
Neck pain, although felt in the neck, can be caused by numerous other spinal problems. Neck pain may arise due to muscular tightness in both the neck and upper back, or pinching of the nerves emanating from the cervical vertebrae. Joint disruption in the neck creates pain, as does joint disruption in the upper back.
Cervical acceleration–deceleration (whiplash) is a one common form of neck injury.
Arthritis is a form of joint disorder that involves inflammation of one or more joints. There are over 100 different forms of arthritis.
The most common form, osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease), is a result of trauma to the joint, infection of the joint, or age.
Other arthritis forms are rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and related autoimmune diseases. Septic arthritis is caused by joint infection.
Temporomandibular is pain in the jaw joint that can be caused by a variety of medical problems.
Problems in this area can cause head and neck pain, facial pain, ear pain, headaches, a jaw that is locked in position or difficult to open, problems biting, and jaw clicking or popping sounds when you bite.
Sport injuries are injuries that occur when engaging in athletic activities or exercise.
In many cases, these types of injuries are often due to overuse, poor training practices, improper form or technique or acute trauma of a part of the body when participating in a certain activity.
Bruises, strains, sprains, tears, broken bones and traumatic brain injury are common and/or potential types of sports injuries.